Science, Reason & Christianity


  1.  BSc in Maths and Physics => Maths teacher.
    1. Became Christian:Only reasonable thing to do – Romans 12:1-2
    2. Thanks to Dept Ed became a Science teacher instead.
    3. Hypothesis: Christian gospel. Be scientific and test it.
    4. Another story for another time…

  2. MSc in theoretical Physics
    1. Maths Queen of sciences; Physics Crown Prince           Physics studies from the smallest to the largest and underpins other sciences

  3. Science starts with observation -> classification -> generalisations
    1. Looking for LAWS– not to prescribe but to describe
      1. Conditions apply
      2. Hopefully universal and repeatable.
      3. In the meantime have HYPOTHESES
      4. Develop THEORIES – Combining hypotheses, observations and laws
  4. Some Laws
    • Law of Gravitation seems to be universal in time and space
    • First Law of Thermodynamics: total energy of universe a constant
    • Second Law of Thermodynamics: entropy increases, order -> disorder. Chaos is natural and inevitable -> uniform temperature of the universe will be near zero.  Egg in bottle.
    • God is God of created order; Colossians 1: 16For in [Jesus]all things were created: things in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible,whether thrones or powers or rulers or authorities; all things have been created through him and for him. 17He is before all things, and in him all things hold together.

  5. Theory of Electrons
    • They flow to make electricity. They circle the nucleus of atoms? -> chemistry
    • Physics: in a probability cloud
    • Do they exist? No one has ever seen an electron and no one ever will :- they are too small to“see”
    • Lots of observations call for explanations, ie theories. 
    • The more these are used, the more observations the more confidence in the theory the more we treat the theory as “fact”
    • But our confidence in the existence of electrons is totally based on circumstantial evidence.
    • Are they particles at all?  Or are they waves? We can experiment and to see them as one OR the other: wave/particle duality.
    • How do they do it? Don’t try to model or imagine how –it’s beyond our experience.  Like the Trinity!
  6. Evolution
    • A theory incorporating many observations, laws and other hypotheses.  It is itself evolving.
    • Some arguments are testable and repeatable but the whole theory is not: too big and too long. Too dependent on chance it’s unlikely to repeat.
    • Brian Cox:billions of potentially habitable planets x probability of evolution =>unlikely there is intelligent life out there.
    • Conflict with 2nd Law Thermodynamics.  Requires huge amounts of ordered energy.
    • My view:
      • God did it. It was perfect. Humans are expected to care for it
      • He gave us the capacity to do so, including the brains to work it out.  God did it in big-picture stages – go figure out the details.
      • But rebellious humans spoil it so we are dependent on God to provide solutions in Jesus.
    • Ultimately when we fully work it all out, even using science, AND fully understand God and his word we will see they are in full accord.
  7. How Scientists react and why
    • Where did the universe come from? A Big Bang of a singularity? What was there before it?
    • Stephen Hawkins: I can do without
    • Can’t “prove or disprove” God in the same way you can’t “prove or disprove” electrons but there is similar evidence and argument

  8. Seek and you will find God – because he shows himselfto you
    • Jeremiah 29:13You will seek me and find me when you seek me with all your heart.
      – Not like a casual tourist looking around but like a researcher who really wants to know
    • Romans10: 20AndIsaiah boldly says, ‘I was found by those who did not seek me; I revealed myself to those who did not ask for me.’
      – Not “hide and seek” but rather “Here I am”
    • 1 Corinthians 2: 10TheSpirit searches all things, even the deep things of God. 11For who knows a person’s thoughts except their own spirit within them? In the same way no-one knows the thoughts of God except the Spirit of God. 12What we have received is not the spirit of the world, but the Spirit who is from God, so that we may understand what God has freely given us. 13This is what we speak, not in words taught us by human wisdom but in words taught by the Spirit, explaining spiritual realities with Spirit-taught words interpreting spiritual truths to those who are spiritual 14The person without the Spirit does not accept the things that come from the Spirit of God but considers them foolishness, and cannot understand them because they are discerned only through the Spirit.15The person with the Spirit makes judgments about all things, but such a person is not subject to merely human judgments, 16for, ‘Who has known the mind of the Lord so as to instruct him? But we have the mind of Christ.
      – Can’t expect non-Christian to understand God who is spiritual until he reveals himself to them – then they will understand the spiritual realities
      – They do not accept the things that come from the Spirit of God but considers them foolishness.
      – The Cross of Christ in particular is a stumbling block
      – the Holy Spirit knows the deep things of God and communicates them as God’s Spirit to our spirit – but without this we are left with the inadequacy of human wisdom

    • Ephesians2: 8For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith – and this is not from yourselves, it is the gift of God – 9not by works,so that no-one can boast.
      – Due to the unearned power of God’s kindness to us we receive the gift of faith and that faith leads us to repentance, forgiveness cleansing and salvation from death into life
      – God’s goodness to us leaves us with no credit to claim but only praise and thankfulness to our Lord.
    • Romans 12: 2Donot conform to the pattern of this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind. Then you will be able to test and approve what God’s will is – his good, pleasing and perfect will.
      – we start to see things the way God sees them; he sees them the way they really are.  Christians have a realistic view of the world. The rest of the world has an incomplete, corrupted view of the world; they are living with misapprehensions, falsehoods, wishful thinking and faulty props.
      – Christians are the realists

  9. Conclusion:Jesus is the way, the truth and the life. God the Father, Son and Holy Spirit is the one, true God. He is more real than anything science and reason can produce. After all, he thought of it first and made it all.

–Gathering 16 December 2018

Science and Reason – Gathering 16 December 2018